OF THE MAU-MAU RISING
people lost their lives which led to depopulation. 100 Europeans and 2000 Pro-British
Africans lost their lives. Over 10,000 energetic men were killed and this massive
loss of productive labor led to economic decline in Kenya after 1956.
- The Kenyans
were allowed to participate in the Legislative council in large numbers. In 1958,
a constitution (Lennox) was drawn which provided for 15 members of African representation
to the council and therefore members like Arap Moi ,Oginga Odinga ,Tom Mboya joined
the legislative council who became influential in the independence struggle.
became involved in various economic activities as equal partners from which they
had been excluded .They were allowed to grow profitable crops like coffee, tea,
cotton from which they obtained profits and improved their standards of living.
- It led
to the formation of political parties. Due to the increased constitutional reforms
and increased education, African elite emerged and these formed strong political
parties which included Kenya African National Union. (KANU) Kenya African Democratic
Union (KADU). These parties strongly advocated for Kenyan Independence.
- It led to the
leaders of the Mau-Mau and many people being arrested and detained in prison for
a long time hence their suffering and misery for example Jomo Kenyatta detained
for seven years and Dedan Kimathi.
activities of the Mau Mau uprising put pressure on the colonial government to
the extent that Kenya got her independence in 1963. The colonial government was
forced to undertake social, economic as well as political reforms. In 1958, constitutional
reforms were adopted which quickened the way to multi-racial form of government
in Kenya. For the first time the Africans were included in the local and national
politics in Kenya.
uprising led to the exodus of many white settlers in Kenya and the plans to make
Kenya a white man’s country became futile. After 1956, all parts that were
racially restricted were made open to all races including the Kenyan highlands.
were destroyed which led to food shortage in the area. There was massive destruction
of the food stores, granaries and burning of fields and yet people were confined
in camps and reserves. These became congested and over crowded with no land for
agriculture. The political instability destabilized the agricultural development
war was costly to both Britain and Kenya. Britain. For example it’s estimated
that the British Government spent over 50million pounds on buying auxiliary weapons
and financing the war. In addition there was loss of business and therefore money
since trade was paralyzed. Administrative centers, churches, farm machinery worth
millions of pounds were also destroyed.
colonial administration was forced to with draw the foreign labour policy and
many Kenyans began looking for jobs in their own country reducing the Asian domination
of the commercial and retail sectors.
removal of Kikuyu leaders gave an opportunity to other leaders to rise up, example,
Tom Mboya, Oginga Odinga etc. These worked to sensitize the Africans to fight
on and intensify the massive destruction of property that belonged to the British,
Asian retail shops were frequently looted. This created economic pain that forced
the British subdue to the African cry for independence by promising quick constitutional
whites accepted that a multi-racial society was the only solution and each race
had to accept peaceful existence with one another. Equality of races was witnessed
in schools, agriculture and government especially the ministerial ranks. The
exclusive white occupation and settlement of Kenya highlands was abolished. In
this respect the Mau Mau achieved the objective of its leaders i.e. Equal treatment
Mau rebellion affected the settlement patterns of the kikuyu: Small and
protected villages were created by the government as a means of separating civilians
from guerillas (fighters).A total of 80,000 Kikuyu men, women and children were
confined in detention camps. The 1952 state of emergency forced the kikuyu to
live in the protected villages together instead of the formerly scattered settlement.
This later enabled easy provision of schools, health services, and market services
to the people.
led to the release of political prisoners .For instance in August 1961 Mzee Jomo
Kenyatta was released, elected to Legislative Assembly and made president of Kenya
African National Union (KANU).Similarly, 173 prisoners who were released
by rebels during the height of the Mau Mau uprising.
Africanisation of Kenya’s educational system, Africans were allowed to access
good quality education similar to that of the white settlers. Many were admitted
in public schools, more schools for the African children were constructed even
in the rural areas. Further still African children were given priority on scholarship
awarded by the government which never happened before.
conclusion, the British were quick to hand over power to Africans i.e. Ghana 1957,
Tanganyika (Tanzania) 9/12/1961, Uganda 9/10/1962, Kenya 12/12/1963. This was
done so as to avoid worse embarrassment and bloodshed as the case was with the
Mau Mau in Kenya.